Amnesty International says 2018 saw a dramatic decrease in the number executions across the globe, but named the five countries The world’s top 5 executioners that killed the most last year.
Executions across the world reached their lowest figure in a decade last year with a 31 percent decrease, according to a report by Amnesty International.
Compared with 2017, there were 303 fewer executions last year, with the number of global executions dropping to 690 from 993. Amnesty added that the drop came despite regressive steps by a small number of countries.
Key factors involved in the decrease include Iran’s amendment to its narcotics law, which increased the minimum amount of drugs possessed needed for death penalties to be issued.
The move resulted in a 50 percent decrease in the number of people executed in the country in 2018.
However, the country still accounted for one-third of executions worldwide.
A significant decrease in executions was also observed in Iraq, Pakistan, and Somalia.
At the end of 2018, the total number of countries that have abolished the death penalty for all crimes reached 106, while 142 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice.
The dramatic global fall in executions proves that even the most unlikely countries are starting to change their ways and realise the death penalty is not the answer,” said Kumi Naidoo, Amnesty International’s Secretary General.
The advocacy group noted that it only kept records for known executions worldwide. Countries like China, Belarus, and Vietnam classify executions as state secrets or do not report them.
Due to restrictive state practice, and ongoing wars and conflict, the advocacy group was unable to access information on countries such as Laos, North Korea and Syria.