World leaders will meet at the United NationsGeneral Assembly from September 25.
Representatives from almost 200 countries convene to discuss the most important political and policy issues affecting the world today.
Al Jazeera explores where the world stands on some of those subjects, and what’s expected at General Assembly:
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called last month for Myanmar to be held accountable for “one of the world’s worst humanitarian and human rights crises” following the publication of a UN investigation into alleged atrocities against the Rohingya.
The report recommended that the country’s military leadership be prosecuted for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Rakhine State last year, where around 700,000 Rohingya were forced to flee their homes.
US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley has called for strong and immediate action against the Myanmar leadership, while Chinese ambassador Wu Haitao has urged a softer approach based on “constructive assistance”.
World leaders meeting next week at the General Assembly in New York have a golden opportunity to send a strong message and pave the way for justice for the Rohingya and for ethnic minorities under attack in northern Myanmar.
The International Criminal Court has said it has jurisdiction to bring an indictment against military leaders but the country’s government has denied this and rejects all claims of atrocities.
The UN will be eager to progress with a controversial deal struck with Myanmar in June to return displaced Rohingya, but human rights groups say the safety of returnees cannot yet be guaranteed.
Bangladesh, which has struggled to host the vast numbers of refugees, will be a focus point.
Donations towards the assistance of Rohingya refugees have not reached the one billion dollars the UN has called for.
“World leaders meeting next week at the General Assembly in New York have a golden opportunity to send a strong message and pave the way for justice for the Rohingya and for ethnic minorities under attack in northern Myanmar,” says Sherine Tadros, head of the UN office for Amnesty International in New York.
“States must see through Myanmar’s repeated lies and deception, and establish an independent mechanism to gather and preserve evidence of crimes under international law before it’s too late.”