Using Data to Combat Prejudice Against Immigrants
– What are the contributions of migrants to trade, to the economy of their countries of destination and origin? This is an angle that is generally ignored in the international debate on the subject, which usually focuses more on issues such as the incidence of foreigners in crime or unemployment.
In order to discuss these and other questions, international experts met in Buenos Aires on on Thursday, Dec. 14, at the first Forum on Migration, Trade and the Global Economy.
Not coincidentally, but to highlight the links between both topics, the event was held a day after the end of the 11th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), also held in the Argentine capital.
“Migration is treated today in the world almost as a police matter. We stress the need to address the issue a different way, analysing the favourable economic outlook, especially in international trade,” said Aníbal Jozami, president of the Foro del Sur Foundation.
There are some 244 million migrants in the world today – around three percent of the total population – according to figures provided by Diego Beltrand, the IOM regional director for South America.
The number of migrants grew by an estimated 300 percent over the last 50 years. Different kinds of evidence of their economic contribution, something that is usually ignored, were presented at the forum.
This lack of knowledge about the positive impact of migration is the reason why, Beltrand said, “freedom of trade has been widely recognised around the world, but not freedom of movement for people.”
In Norway, Racism Is Losing. Here’s Why
In the U.S. we often get bad news about racism and anti-immigrant feeling in the Scandinavian countries. While in Norway recently, I visited the Anti-Racism Center in Oslo to get a fuller picture.
I had interviewed the Center’s Deputy Director Mari Linløkken while researching my book Viking Economics. We were glad to see each other again. Linløkken has been in the struggle full time since the 1970s, so she invited into the discussion two new staff members so I could get a broader perspective. Both are younger immigrants of color who have experienced personally the racism that shows its face in Norway.
Their jobs bring them in close contact with immigrants from Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe and commission research on Norway’s ongoing integration. For people of color, they’ve found positive trends in job advancement, entry into universities, and acceptance in Norwegian institutions, even in leadership positions. The big picture, they agreed, is that there is increasing opportunity for immigrants of color to pursue their dreams and make a contribution to one of the countries with the world’s highest achievement of equality and individual freedom. A majority of Norwegians continue to want this. Together we reviewed recent events: a march by Nazis in Kristiansand, more Facebook attacks on people who stand up against racism, an intensifying and sometimes ugly debate in the mass media. Then they went on to describe the other side of the story: Norway as a whole is making steady progress in integrating immigrants and people of color.
The forces trying to prevent this have been losing.
Drama versus reality on the ground
At first it seems a paradox that expressions of racism can intensify even while substantial progress is being made. On reflection, I realized why: Those on the losing side will fight harder exactly because they see they are losing.
Racism can start when children are only five
Academics questioned 359 white children aged between five and 12 and found they would rather spend time with children of the same race.
The University of Bristol and York University in Toronto research analysed the extent to which the children had positive or negative feelings when they saw people from different races.
The children were also shown unknown white and black children in photographs and asked to categorise them.
There was no evidence of automatic negativity towards black people but the younger children demonstrated automatic positivity in response to white people.
Dr Amanda Williams, of the University of Bristol’s School of Education, said: ‘This pattern of results is concerning because adults who show stronger automatic bias towards white people often demonstrate less positive behaviour when interacting with black people.
‘Our results suggest that interventions designed to decrease negative feelings toward different racial groups might not be the best approach as there is little evidence these attitudes have solidified in childhood.
‘Instead, successful interventions for young children aged five to eight-years-old might include extending the notion of the ‘in-group’ – people who they view as being like them – to include people from other racial groups.’
She added: ‘For older children aged nine to 12-years-old, highlighting role models from different racial groups might help to strengthen inclusive racial attitudes.’
Academics questioned 359 children in Canada over a period of five years for the research.
Academics questioned 359 white children aged between five and 12 and found they would rather spend time with children of the same race.The University of Bristol and York University in Toronto research analysed the extent to which the children had positive or negative feelings when they saw people from different races.The children were also shown unknown white and black children in photographs and asked to categorise them.
Open thread for night owls: 10 things teachers shouldn’t and should do when teaching Native youth
American Indian and Alaska Native students remain a very special and uniquely vulnerable population, often suffering from educational experiences that either fail to serve them adequately or that cause them to feel alienated, invisible, or unsupported. Teachers who serve Native youth must be cognizant of the unique needs of indigenous students, and their communities. Teachers who serve Native youth must also be willing to examine their preconceived notions of Native Americans, and then make the necessary adjustments in order to give Native youth a meaningful education that they deserve and need.
To best serve Native youth, here are some more important dos and don’ts for educators:
1. DON’T ever overlook students’ indigenous identity, or attempt to see them through a “colorblind” lens […]
2. DON’T speak of Native Americans as a people of the past
Popular American culture has continuously portrayed Native Americans as a people of the past. Textbooks contribute to this problem. Speaking of Native Americans in the past tense maintains harmful stereotypes and makes Native youth feel invisible and unimportant.
DO teach regularly about modern Native American people. When teaching social studies, make sure to include Native American experiences regularly, as they have been present in all eras of history, evolving and changing like all other people.
3. DON’T teach stereotypical lessons like Thanksgiving
4. DON’T use stereotypical language to describe Native Americans or Native American culture […]
DO learn appropriate terminology and tribal-specific language. Be open to deconstructing what you thought appropriate terms were, and prepare abandon words you may have become accustomed to using.
5. DON’T deny or minimize indigenous genocide […]
How Jordan Abel deconstructed the racism in old western novels and won the Griffin Poetry Prize
Jordan Abel says curiosity drove him to create Injun, a poem in 26 parts that won the Griffin Poetry Prize, one of the richest poetry prizes in the world, earlier this month. In cutting up western pulp novels of the late 19th century, Abel has composed a visual poem that is stunning and searing in its portrait of racism.
In his own words, the Nisga’a poet, whose previous books include Un/inhabited and The Place of Scraps, describes the creation of Injun.
The power of found poetry
“The idea came from my previous books, specifically my first book The Place of Scraps, which used found text in a similar way. It was sourced from a book of anthropology by Marius Barbeau called Totem Poles. After I finished that book, I realized that found text has a lot of room for maneuverability in terms of talking about complicated Indigenous issues.
“I ended up searching out public domain found texts that I thought might be interesting or might have something to say about the representations of Indigenous peoples or Indigenous issues. I ended up coming to Project Gutenberg and finding a set of 91 public domain western novels. As I searched through them, I became interested in how they were constructed and how the representations of Indigenous peoples in those novels were constructed.
“The word Injun came up over and over again. It is a really difficult, derogatory word and one that is a mispronunciation of the word Indian. Every time it came up, I kept wondering, ‘How is this word deployed?’ and ‘What is it trying to do?’ and ‘How is it representing and/or misrepresenting Indigenous peoples?’ I was interested in looking at all of the contexts in which the word appeared.”
Kitchener high school teacher paints over racist slur at McLennan skate park.
Local high school teacher Tom O’Connor felt he needed to do something after he saw a swastika and a racist slur with a hangman figure spray painted on the McLennan skate park in Kitchener.
O’Connor often takes walks through McLennan Park with his family. He said he’s used to having conversations with his son about the swear words spray painted around the skate park, but they were shocked with that they saw on Sunday.
“The very first thing we saw was a large N-word that took over about five feet on the west side of the skate park pool,” O’Connor explained.
“My son said that they also had the Nazi symbol and I turned to the north side and I saw the swastika with the 88 under it.”
He said that his son seemed concerned and sadden by the situation.
“He couldn’t wrap his head around why people would do it and I don’t know if I necessarily wrapped my head around why people do it,” he said.
O’Connor took photos and notified the City of Kitchener through the city’s Pingstreet app. He also did a callout to see if any local artists would be interested in covering up the graffiti.
But after giving it some thought, O’Connor felt time was of the essence and something had to be done right away.
“I just thought that there’s a lot kids that go through there everyday and go to the skate park before going to school and I didn’t want them to see it,” he said.
So he went back to the park, painted over the racist graffiti, and added a message of his own: #NotInMyKW.
City Councillor Yvonne Fernandes told CBC News that, generally speaking, the city frowns upon tagging city property, but said it was encouraging to see the act concerned citizens in her ward.
Silence is no answer to injustice
For years now, anti-rape activists have been working publicly to eliminate rape culture. They have not won the battle. The apparent mistake they continue to make is to break the silence.
For years now, LGBTIQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer) activists have been speaking out about heteronormativity and violence against sexual minorities, including and especially the rape and murder of black lesbian women. The apparent mistake they continue to make is to break the silence.
People living with disability try enormously hard to get ableism taken as seriously as other forms of discrimination and bigotry. The apparent mistake they continue to make is to break the silence.
Many black people spend a lot of time drawing attention to and fighting the daily expressions of white supremacy and anti-black racism more precisely. The apparent mistake they continue to make is to break the silence.
For years now, anti-rape activists have been working publicly to eliminate rape culture. They have not won the battle. The apparent mistake they continue to make is to break the silence. For years now, LGBTIQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer) activists have been speaking out about heteronormativity and violence against sexual minorities, including and especially the rape and murder of black lesbian women. The apparent mistake they continue to make is to break the silence. People living with disability try enormously hard to get ableism taken as seriously as other forms of discrimination and bigotry. The apparent mistake they continue to make is to break the silence. Many black people spend a lot of time drawing attention to and fighting the daily expressions of white supremacy and anti-black racism more precisely. The apparent mistake they continue to make is to break the silence. break the silence
A brief history of the Catholic Church’s fight against racism.
Catholic bishops from around the country recently condemned the white nationalism at rallies in Charlottesville, Virginia.
But what might be lesser known is that the Church has spoken out against racism through the centuries, and still calls for conversion from it.
“If we want a different kind of country in the future, we need to start today with a conversion in our own hearts, and an insistence on the same in others,” Archbishop Charles Chaput of Philadelphia said after the Charlottesville rallies.
White nationalists had held a “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Va. from Aug. 11-12, to protest the city’s planned removal of a statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
White supremacists from various extremist groups like the Ku Klux Klan and neo-Nazis participated in torch-lit rallies on Friday night and a daytime rally on Saturday, chanting racist messages like “Jew will not replace us,” and “blood and soil,” a historically white supremacist slogan used by the Nazi Party in the days of Hitler.
A diverse coalition of counter-protesters, from religious leaders to members of “Black Lives Matter” to the anarchist group Antifa, formed around the white supremacist rally.
Violence broke out between the rally and the counter-protest, culminating with a 20 year-old man from Ohio driving a car into the counter-protest killing one woman and injuring 19. The man was eventually charged with second-degree murder.
In the wake of the racist rally, Catholic bishops spoke out against violence but also specifically condemned racism, including a joint statement by Cardinal Daniel DiNardo of Galveston-Houston, president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, and Bishop Frank Dewane of Venice, Fla., chair of the bishops’ domestic justice and human development committee, condemning “the evil of racism, white supremacy and neo-nazism.”
From the earliest days of the Church, Christian teaching has opposed the promotion of one person above another because of their genetic or ethnic background.
In his letter to the Galatians, Saint Paul wrote that “through faith you are all children of God in Christ Jesus. For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free person, there is not male and female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus (3:26-28).”
As the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace explained in its 1988 document on racism, “The Church and Racism: Towards a More Fraternal Society,” early in the history of the Church, distinctions were made between people on basis of religion, not race.
That began to change with the discovery of the “New World,” the letter said, as nations colonizing the Americas tried to “justify” the killing and enslavement of indigenous peoples with a “racist theory.”
Pope Eugene IV issued a papal bull in 1435, Sicut Dudum, condemning the enslavement of African Christians in the Canary Islands, a year after his bull Creator Omnium threatened excommunication for those enslaving Christians. Thirty years later, in Regimini Gregis, Pope Sixtus IV excommunicated those aiding in the transport of Christian slaves from Africa.
Powerful New Video Tackles Racial Bias To Remind Kids Their ‘Black Is Beautiful’.
“You’re not pretty for a black girl. You’re beautiful period.”
A new video released Monday titled “The Talk” compellingly tackles the impact of racial bias through the lens of black parents in America.
The video ― which was released by My Black Is Beautiful, a beauty brand owned by Procter & Gamble ― is a powerful two-minute clip that explores racial bias by depicting some of the burdens placed on parents of black children, who are challenged with having necessary but difficult discussions with their children about their survival and self-esteem.
The video follows several black parents who have talks with their children about the ways in which their skin color can affect how they are perceived and treated by others. In one scenario, a mom asks her son if he has his ID before heading to practice, in case he is stopped by police. In another, a mother instructs her daughter, who is a new driver, on what to do in case she is pulled over by a cop. In the opening scene, a young girl is seen telling her mom that she was told she was “pretty for a black girl,” to which her mother later responds sternly: “You’re not pretty for a black girl. You’re beautiful period.”
“Our goal with ‘The Talk’ is to help raise awareness about the impact of bias,” Damon Jones, director of global company communications at Procter & Gamble, told HuffPost. “We are also hopeful that we can make progress toward a less biased future by recognizing the power of people of all backgrounds and races showing up for one another.”
With recent studies reporting that black girls are seen as less innocent than white girls as young as the age of 5 and with black boys frequently seen as a threat in the eyes of law enforcement, parents of black children often live in worry and discomfort. Jones said he hopes videos like this help to raise social consciousness around the affect bias can have in all of our lives and remind people of the many ways bias can take form across genders, races, ages, weight, sexual orientations and more.